This course, ESS010 Electronics, will give you basic knowledge about electronic components, building blocks and circuit theory. It will give you a firm base for continued studies in electronics and design of more advanced circuits.
The next course in electronics is ESSF01 Analogue Circuits. It is a 8.0hp G2-level course starting in the late fall and ending after VT2. The course is a basis for students who want to learn how to design analogue circuits, such as amplifiers, oscillators, mixers and A/D converters. It gives a comprehensive overview of the transistor, which is a fundamental component in all modern electronic devices and applications. The course gives students a systematic method to design high-performance amplifiers. The course includes e.g.,
- Feedback theory, how it works and why it is used
- How to design amplifiers using transistors and the different transistor stages
- Frequency dependence of active and passive components
- Frequency compensation of feedback amplifiers
Amplifiers are used in many areas and play a very important role in modern electronics, such as mobile phones, medicine equipment and computer systems. The course additionally includes a project in which the students will construct their own amplifier and present it both orally and in writing.
For a better understanding of the radio part of wireless communication, the course ETIF05 Basic Wireless Communication Technique is offered. It is a 7.5hp G2-level course given in HT1. It gives a general knowledge in radio frequency applications and basic understanding of the radio receiver and transmitter. It does not cover the electronics in detail, but will instead treat the different parts as functional blocks. The course includes e.g.,
- The radio receiver and transmitter at block diagram level
- Signals in the time, frequency and phase domain
- Noise analysis and system level simulation
- Behavior of different components at radio frequency
- Measurements with spectrum and network analyzers
The importance of wireless communication is increasing. Not only cellular phones, but also an increasing number of sensors and small wireless devices building up the Internet-of-things require radio receivers and transmitters. The course additionally gives a survey of modern digital communication systems, providing students with a broad understanding of these systems.
The course ETIN50 RF Amplifier Design builds on the content in ETIF05 Basic Wireless Communication Technique. It is a 7.5hp A-level course in HT2 focusing on the design and analysis of radio frequency (RF) amplifiers. The RF amplifier is an essential part in wireless applications such as cellular phones and computer networks. The course includes e.g.,
- Analysis and design of high-frequency amplifiers
- Systematic methods for designing amplifiers
- Properties such as gain, stability and noise
- Advanced measurement techniques
The frequency targeted in the course ranges from MHz to GHz, which covers a large number of modern applications. Practical experience with RF amplifiers is developed through laboratory work, in which also engineering skills in RF measurement techniques are provided. Wireless technologies is a rapidly advancing area and there is great demand for this kind of knowledge.
The course ETIN25 Analogue IC-design provides a more in-depth treatment of amplifiers and how they can be realized on integrated circuits. It is 7.5hp A-level course in HT2 which provides a solid understanding of analogue integrated circuit design. The focus is on CMOS technology which is the most common technology for designing integrated circuits. The course includes e.g.,
- CMOS technology and realization of different components, such as MOS transistors, diodes, resistors and capacitors
- IC-design using CAD tools and computer simulation of analogue circuits
- Design and analysis of amplifiers and their building blocks
Practical experience with modern CAD tools is provided in laboratory work. After course, students are able to design their own integrated circuits. This can e.g., be done in the project course ETIN35 IC project 1.
In the courses ETIN35 IC-Project 1 and ETIN40 IC-project 2 you can create your own integrated circuit and test it. Both courses are 7.5hp and on A-level. For creating an analogue chip, the students apply their knowledge from EITN25 Analogue IC-design. The chips are designed in the first course and verified in the second course. Between the two courses the chip is sent for fabrication, which is a close to unique opportunity for a student project. The project will give you practical experience of the complete design process, from the first specification to verification of the finished circuit. These courses are also included in the digital course package, in which you do a digital IC project instead of an analogue IC project.
The course ETIN30 Integrated Radio Electronics is a 7.5hp A-level course that uses the knowledge from and ETIN25 Analogue IC-design in order to design and analyze integrated high frequency electronics.Though the main application in the course is wireless communication, the course in ETIF05 Basic Wireless Communication Technique is not a prerequisite for this course. It is however recommended as it provides a better understanding of the radio aspects on a block level. The radio building blocks are implemented using CMOS technology in a project work where a complete receiver or transmitter is designed. The course includes e.g.,
- Realization of radio building blocks, such as amplifiers, mixers and oscillators on an integrated circuit.
- Planning of the layout with respect to parasitic effects
- Modern CAD-tools for RF IC design
- System aspects of radio receivers and transmitters
The radio part of wireless technology is very important and in high-volume applications like cell-phones, WLAN, GPS, etc., it is implemented using CMOS integrated circuits. Knowledge in this area is thus very desired today.
In the project course EITF40 Digital and Analogue Projects, you can use your knowledge from ESSF01 Analogue Circuits, in order to do an analogue project. The project typically involves constructing a system or device. The system will be built using analogue circuitry. The project work will include e.g.,
- Designing and analyzing the system
- Knowledge of factors that can affect the system
- Testing and debugging an electronic circuit
- Documenting the system
After this course you will have practical experience building your own systems and circuits of medium complexity. This course is also included in the digital course package, in which you do a digital project instead of an analogue project.
While the largest amount of signal processing is undoubtedly performed in the digital domain, very often the input and/or the output of the system is analogue. The course ETIN55 Integrated A/D and D/A Converters, a 7.5hp A-level course in HT2, gives knowledge about how signal are converted between the analogue and digital domains. The course includes e.g.,
- Theoretical basis for A/D and D/A converters, such as sampling and quantization
- Different A/D and D/A architectures and their advantages and disadvantages
- Design and simulation using CAD-tools
Loudspeakers and microphones in digital audio, cameras, screens and monitors in digital video, and the antenna in radio communications are examples of devices that typically require high performance A/D and D/A converters. The wide range of applications and the increasing use of different sensors make knowledge in this field very important and desired.